Бюлетин Нови книги ФАО

2017 година

 

(февруари)

 

Област на знанието: Социология

 Сигнатура: ЕК

Гендерное равенство, социальная защита и развитие сельских регионов : взгляд из Восточной Европыи Центральной Азии, 2016.

Данная публикация, написанная экономистами, социологами и специалистами по гендерной проблематике из 12 постсоветских стран Восточной Европы, Южного Кавказа и Центральной Азии, представляет собой попытку поднять и рассмотреть вопросы, находящиеся на пересечении таких тем, как гендерное равенство, социальная защита и развитие сельских районов в регионе. На сегодняшний день существует недостаток документированных знаний, исследований и общественной полемики, которые, используя междисциплинарный подход, сосредотачивались бы именно на этих вопросах в контексте данного региона. Между тем, эти вопросы имеют критически важное значение для социально-экономического развития региона. Представляя это издание, Региональное отделение ФАО для Европы и Центральной Азии стремится, в числе прочего, привлечь внимание лиц, ответственных за формулирование и исполнение стратегических решений, к вопросам необходимости учета гендерного фактора в сельском хозяйстве и сельском развитии и содействия проведению большего количества исследований в этой области. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: равенство на половете – райони, селски – Източна Европа ; Централна Азия ; селско стопанство – заетост ; джендър

 Сигнатура: ЕК

National Gender Profile of Agriculture and Rural Livelihoods: Turkey, 2016.

The National Gender Profile of Agricultural and Rural Livelihoods is part of the project GCP/SEC/008/TUR, which contributes to the Regional Initiative 1 for the REU Region and to the SO3 by improving knowledge for evidence-based policies. The purpose of the National Gender Profile of Agricultural and Rural Livelihoods – Turkey is to contribute to the production of knowledge for better informed, targeted and gender sensitive actions in agriculture and rural development. It is meant to inform FAO professionals, other UN agencies, staff from the government of Kyrgyzstan, NGOs and professionals who work in agriculture and rural development in Turkey. It is also meant to be an awareness-raising tool for the wider public. This national profile points out some of the major gender inequalities that need to be considered by policy makers and project managers according to available data, and identifies further research needs. Within the project, national gender profiles of agricultural and rural livelihoods have been produced for Turkey, Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: равенство на половете ; селско стопанство – роля на жените – Турция ; джендър

 

Област на знанието: Икономика на селското стопанство

 Сигнатура: ЕК

Политика ФАО в отношении коренных и племенных народов, 2016.

Государства-члены Продовольственной и сельскохозяйственной организации Объединенных Наций (ФАО) определили ключевыми целями Организации Уповышение продуктивности сельского хозяйства, повышение качества питания, улучшение жизни сельского населения и содействие росту мировой экономикиФ. Как специализированное учреждение Организации Объединенных Наций (ООН), ФАО играет ключевую роль в усилиях по достижению продовольственной безопасности и сокращению масштабов нищеты. ФАО неизменно отдает себе отчет в том, что достижение этих целей диктует необходимость участия всех слоев общества; в настоящее время сформировался широкий консенсус в отношении необходимости участия широкого круга игроков и заинтересованных сторон в предпринимаемых усилиях в области развития. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: прехрана ; продоволствена политика – райони, селски – коренно население 

 Сигнатура: ЕК

Asia and the Pacific Regional Overview of Food Insecurity : Investing in a Zero Hunger Generation, 2016.

The year 2015 marked the end of the global Millennium Development agenda and 2016 heralds a transition to the new 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development. Asia-Pacific Region not only met the MDG target of halving the proportion of people suffering from hunger, but was also the region with the largest reduction in the number of undernourished people in the world. Despite good progress being made by many countries in tackling malnutrition, the overall rate of progress is less than desired and there are several countries and sub-regions where the prevalence rates are still very high. The analysis presented in this report will help encourage dialogue and shape a new public narrative towards eradicating hunger and malnutrition and creating a transformative change for sustainable development. This year, the focus is on the importance of milk and smallholder dairy in view of the remarkable growth in the production and consumption of milk and milk products in the region. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: глад ; недохранване ; прехрана ; продоволствена сигурност – млечни ферми – Азия

 

 Сигнатура: ЕК

Averting risks to the food chain : a compendium of proven emergency prevention methods and tools, 2017.

This publication, based on 23 FCC-EMPRES information sheets published on a monthly basis by the FCC Intelligenceand Coordination Unit of the FAO Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department, showcases some of the bestpractices currently in use. This publication promises to help experts, policy makers, national institutions, and development workers in ourjoint pursuit of a world without hunger. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: прехрана ; храни – безопасност

 Сигнатура: ЕК

Gender, Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crises : women and girls as agents of resilience, 2016.

This note focuses on the topic of gender in protracted crisis situations. It advocates that FAO's mandate to achieve food security for all by raising levels of nutrition, increasing agricultural productivity and natural resource management, and improving the lives of rural populations can only be achieved through gender equality. Past experience can provide guidance on how to address gender equality as part of food and nutrition security interventions in situations of protracted crisis. Understanding and addressing how men and women of different ages are specifically affected by protracted crises is critical for effective and sustainable food and nutrition security interventions. The note includes case studies from FAO's interventions in protracted crisis situations. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: продоволствена сигурност – военно време – роля на жените

 Сигнатура: ЕК

New directions for Inclusive Pluralistic Service Systems : report of FAO expert consultation, Rome, 11-13 May 2016, 2016.

A growing variety of public and private agricultural advisory services are available today, leading to increasingly pluralistic service systems (PSS) in which advisory services are provided by different actors and funding sources. PSS hold the potential to overcome constraints related to funding, staffing and expertise, and making advisory services more demand-driven. But are PSS really able to reach the millions of farmers in need of services. What are the characteristics of PSS necessary to improve access to services for diverse small-scale farmers. What actors, policies and mechanisms are needed to make such a system work in practice. How can public and private actors support service providers in improving the quality, relevance and reach of their services. These were some of the questions raised by FAO Expert Consultation on Inclusive PSS. This paper presents a synthesis of deliberations, and a set of policy recommendations and priority actions. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: дребни производители – консултантски услуги ;  земеделие – инвестиции

 Сигнатура: ЕК

Towards inclusive Pluralistic Service Systems : insights for innovative thinking, 2016.

A growing variety of public and private rural advisory services are available today, leading to increasingly pluralistic service systems (PSS) – in which advisory services are provided by different actors and funded from different sources.  PSS have emerged in many countries as a response to a decline in public sector extension and the increasing demand for tailored, diverse and market-oriented services. Private companies, non-governmental organizations and producer organizations, today play more active roles alongside traditional public sector providers. The diversity of service providers in PSS has the potential to make services more inclusive, responsive to demand, context-specific and based on multiple knowledge sources. This is particularly relevant, as farmers are highly diverse, differing in resources, gender, market access, crops and livestock systems, and therefore require different types of information and services to achieve sustainable productivity growth and better livelihoods. Based on extensive literature review, the paper provides an overview of the current state of knowledge on Inclusive pluralistic service systems, examining the need for demand-driven service provision, the diverse providers and approaches to service delivery, and the policy considerations and institutional challenges constraining the operation of inclusive PSS. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: дребни производители – консултантски услуги ;  земеделие – инвестиции

 Сигнатура: ЕК

Regional Gender Strategy and Action Plan 2017-2019 for Asia and the Pacific, 2017.

Анотация: The Regional Gender Strategy and Action Plan aims to provide focus for the FAO gender-related work in Asia and the Pacific and identify delivery mechanisms for the period 2017-2019. The Regional Gender Strategy and Action Plan encompasses work at both the regional and country level and is primarily intended for the FAO regional office for Asia and the Pacific, country offices, and project staff. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: промени на климата – продоволствена сигурност – роля на жените – Азия ; Тихоокеанско крайбрежие

 Сигнатура: ЕК

The Outlook for Agriculture and Rural Development in the Americas : a perspective on Latin America and the Caribbean 2015-2016, 2016.

This document is the result of a joint effort by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA). Although the US economy is showing signs of a strong recovery, economic growth in the Euro Area is sluggish, and the emerging countries (including China) are experiencing a slowdown. This situation will have a negative impact on Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), a region that in 2015 is set to record its lowest economic growth rates since 2009. The downturn will be reflected in weaker growth in demand, which will affect exports of food and agricultural raw materials. Hardest hit by the deceleration will be the agriculture of the countries most dependent on the European Union and Asia (those in the Southern and Andean regions), and, to a lesser degree, the countries closest to the US, such as Mexico and those in Central America. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: регионално развитие – райони, селски – Северна Америка ; Южна Америка ; земеделие ; животновъдство ; горско стопанство

 

Област на знанието: Горско стопанство

 Сигнатура: ЕК

Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015: How are the world's forests changing, 2016.

This publication is the latest in a series of reports by FAO, the first of which was published in 1948. It is a synthesis of key results from the 2015 Global Forest Resources Assessment which is conducted every five years. It summarizes findings and data sources and links to more detailed publications and online resources. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: гори ; горски ресурси – статистика – света

 Сигнатура : ЕК

FAO yearbook [of] forest products 2014: 2010-2014 = FAO annuaire [des] produits forestiers : FAO anuario [de] productos forestales, 2016.

The FAO Yearbook of Forest Products is a compilation of statistical data on basic forest products for all countries and territories of the world. It contains series of annual data on the volume of production and the volume and value of trade in forest products. It includes tables showing direction of trade and average unit values of trade for certain products. Statistical information in the yearbook is based primarily on data provided to the FAO Forestry Department by the countries through questionnaires or official publications. In the absence of official data, FAO makes an estimate based on the best information available. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: дървопреработване ; горска промишленост – продукция – статистика – света ; търговия ; внос ; износ

 

Област на знанието: Селско стопанство

 Сигнатура: ЕК

BEFS [Bioenergy and Food Security] Assessment for Egypt : sustainable bioenergy options from crop and livestock residues, 2017.

This report was developed under the FAO EBRD project on bioenergy with the aim is to support decision-making related to bioenergy investment in countries of operations of the EBRD. Egypt, a country of operation, has a large agriculture sector, the requirement to produce 20 percent of its electricity from renewable energy, diversify its energy mix, and reduce fossil fuel subsidies. This report presents the results from the country level assessment to identify the potential to produce bioenergy from crop and livestock residues. The analysis identifies the bioenergy pathways that have potential and can be cost competitive, the most promising locations and profitable bioenergy pathways. The report also provides recommendations for the required next steps to move the development of the specific bioenergy sector forward. The work was implemented in close collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Energy, and other key stakeholders. (fao.org)

Серия: Environment and Natural Resources Management Working Paper, ISSN 2226-6062, № 66.

Предметни рубрики: селско стопанство – животински отпадъци – биогорива ; растителни отпадъци ; биомаса ; устойчиво развитие – Египет

 

Област на знанието: Животновъдство

 Сигнатура: ЕК

Low emissions development of the beef cattle sector in Uruguay : reducing enteric methane for food security and livelihoods, 2017.

Анотация: This publication is intended to contribute to the implementation of the livestock and climate change development agenda. The study evaluates the potential for improving productivity while reducing enteric methane emission intensity from beef production in Uruguay. The overall objective of this study is to support Uruguay in identifying low-cost strategies to reduce enteric CH4 emissions while contributing to Uruguay's short-and long-term social and economic development and increasing resilience to climate change. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: говедовъдство, месно – Уругвай ; говеда за месо – вредни емисии – метан ; промени на климата

 

Област на знанието: Млекопроизводство

 Сигнатура: ЕК

Herego, Edemo. Gender assessment of dairy value chains: evidence from Ethiopia, 2017.

Анотация: The resulting publication draws on the evidence gathered through fieldwork and the review of specialized background documentation. The result is a comprehensive overview of the gender issues in dairy value chains in Addis Ababa, North Shoa Shewa Zone (Degem woreda), East Gojam Zone (Dejen woreda) and Gamu Gofa Arba Minch Zone (Arba Minch Zuria woreda). The report represents an important step towards a deepened comprehension of gender issues in dairy value chains in the Ethiopian context. It provides country-specific recommendations for Ethiopia, which also feed into a more general knowledge base on how to develop gender-sensitive dairy value chains, hereby contributing to the ultimate goal of closing the gender gap in the agricultural sector. (fao.org)

Предметни рубрики: млекопроизводство – роля на жените – Етиопия

 

 

 

 

(януари)

 

 

Comments are closed